Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2019, Page: 8-11
Effect of Untreated Water Flow Rate at Certain Temperature on the Discharge of Treated Water
Muhammad Arshad Ullah, Land Resources Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Aslam, Land Resources Research Institute, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan
Raheel Babar, Forestry, Range, Watershed and Wildlife Management, Baluchistan Agriculture College, Quetta, Pakistan
Received: Nov. 22, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 19, 2019;       Published: Apr. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijhnm.20190501.12      View  734      Downloads  91
Abstract
The origin and continuation of mankind is based on water. Water is one of the most abundant resources on earth, covering three-fourths of the planet’s surface. Water is one of the earth’s most abundant resources, covering about three-quarters of the planet’s surface. The reason for this apparent contradiction is, of course, that - 97.5% of the earth’s water is salt water in the oceans and only 2.5% is fresh water in ground water, lakes and rivers and this supplies most human and animal needs. It would be feasible to address the water-shortage problem with seawater desalination; however, the separation of salts from seawater requires large amounts of energy which, when produced from fossil fuels, can cause harm to the environment. The discharge from desalination plants is almost entirely water, and .01 percent is salt. Desalination is a process that extracts minerals from saline water. Solar-powered desalination technologies can be used to treat non-traditional water sources to increase water supplies in rural, arid areas. Water is the basis of life, the origin of human endurance, and the prime material base to guarantee the economy significant development of a country. This solar desalination technique explains the diminutive and extensive-period feasibility of via solar energy as a system to influence desalination. Seawater and briny water were considered, as well as liquid waste. This protocol summarizes that solar desalination expenditure remains lower to exchange saline water into clean water. Water scarceness is a rising dilemma for large regions of the world. Access to safe, fresh and pure clean drinking water is one of the most important and prime troubles in different parts of the world. Among many of water cleansing technologies solar desalination/distillation/purification is one of the most sustainable and striking method engaged to congregate the supply of clean and pure drinkable water in remote areas at a very sound cost. Six types of dripper having discharge 3 - 8 lh-1 were installed one by one and measured discharge and volume of clean water indicated that at 6 lh-1 untreated water discharge have maximum evaporation and volume of clean water was 19.2 lh-1 at same temperature and radiations. Now strategy was developed that when increased the temperature the intake discharge of untreated water must be increased and salt drained water two times more than treated water.
Keywords
Solar Desalination Panels, Reverse Osmosis, Brackish Water and Desalinized Water
To cite this article
Muhammad Arshad Ullah, Muhammad Aslam, Raheel Babar, Effect of Untreated Water Flow Rate at Certain Temperature on the Discharge of Treated Water, International Journal of Homeopathy & Natural Medicines. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 8-11. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhnm.20190501.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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